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Javaee Angularjs Browser Urls Cache And Version

By Damien · 2016-01-09 · angularjs java javascript

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This tutorial provides a way for the browser to manage different versions of the same resource.

Because new version of your website is deployed, especially with a rich client, you may encounter some issues, like browser caching (ex: you have updated your-lib.js, but some users still experienced the old lib behavior : it’s caused by browser cache on this file, they still have the old version and CTRL+F5 keys do not always resolves this).

Demo

You need Eclipse, Maven, Tomcat.

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There are two parts: the vendor URLs version (like angular.js) and your app URLs version (like app.js, home.html, main.css).

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You can update versions in pom.xml.

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And after restarting the app server, the URLs have changed.

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Details of vendor URLs version (like angular.js):

pom.xml: version

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index.html: url

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browser: real world

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Details of webapp URLs version (like app.js):

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Source

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pom.xml

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.damienfremont.blog</groupId>
  <artifactId>20160109-javaee-angularjs-browser_url_version_cache</artifactId>
   
  <!-- APP VERSION (USED FOR CACHE) -->
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
   
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <java.version>7</java.version>
     
    <!-- WEB JAR VERSION (USED FOR CACHE) -->
    <angularjs.version>1.4.7</angularjs.version>
     
  </properties>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.webjars</groupId>
      <artifactId>webjars-servlet-2.x</artifactId>
      <version>1.1</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.webjars</groupId>
      <artifactId>angularjs</artifactId>
      <version>${angularjs.version}</version>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
  <build>
    <resources>
      <resource>
        <directory>src/main/webapp</directory>
        <filtering>true</filtering>
        <targetPath>${project.basedir}/target/m2e-wtp/web-resources</targetPath>
        <includes>
          <include>index.html</include>
        </includes>
      </resource>
    </resources> 
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
        <configuration>
           
          <!-- REPLACE ALL FOR WEBJARS URLS -->
          <webResources>
            <resource>
              <directory>src/main/webapp</directory>
              <filtering>true</filtering>
              <includes>
                <include>app.js</include>
                <include>index.html</include>
              </includes>
            </resource>
          </webResources>
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.1</version>
        <configuration>
          <source>1.${java.version}</source>
          <target>1.${java.version}</target>
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
</project>

app.js

'use strict';
 
angular.module('app', [ 'ngRoute' ])
 
// CONFIG
 
.config(function($routeProvider) {
   
  var version = '?nocache=${project.version}';
   
  // ROUTE: URLs
  $routeProvider
  // HOME
  .when('/home', {
    templateUrl : 'modules/home/home.html'+version
  })
  // DEFAULT
  .otherwise('/home');
});

main.css

h2 {
    color: grey;
}

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html ng-app="app">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
 
<!-- APP CSS-->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/main.css?version=${project.version}">
 
</head>
<body>
 
    <!-- VIEW/PAGE -->
    <div ng-view>Loading...</div>
         
    <!-- LIBS JS -->
    <script src="webjars/angularjs/${angularjs.version}/angular.js"></script>
    <script src="webjars/angularjs/${angularjs.version}/angular-route.js"></script>
 
    <!-- APP JS -->
    <script src="app.js?version=${project.version}"></script>
    <script src="modules/home/home.js?version=${project.version}"></script>
 
</body>
</html>

home.html

<div ng-controller="HomeCtrl">
  <h2>This is home</h2>
  <p></p>
</div>

home.js

'use strict';
 
angular.module('app') //
 
.controller('HomeCtrl', function($scope) {
  $scope.message = 'Nothing is like home.';
});

web.xml

<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee
     http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">
   
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>WEBJARS</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.webjars.servlet.WebjarsServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>disableCache</param-name>
      <param-value>true</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>
  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>WEBJARS</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/webjars/*</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
 
</web-app>

Project

https://github.com/DamienFremont/blog/tree/master/20160109-javaee-angularjs-browser_url_version_cache https://github.com/DamienFremont/blog/tree/master/20160109-javaee-angularjs-browser_url_version_cache

Origin

https://damienfremont.com/2016/01/09/javaee-angularjs-browser-urls-cache-and-version/

Hi, I'm Damien

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